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Table 2 Anthropometric and clinical characteristics of participants

From: Likelihood of obstructive sleep apnea in people living with HIV in Cameroon – preliminary findings

  HIV status 2 sided sig. of difference Entire study sample
Negative (Controls) Positive (Cases)
N % n % N %
BMI (kg/m2)
 Mean ± SD 25.17 ± 4.34 25.23 ± 4.48 0.955 25.20 ± 4.38
 Underweight (<18.5) 1 2.3 1 2.6 0.928 2 2.5
 Normal BMI (18.5–25.00) 25 58.1 21 55.3 46 56.8
 Overweight (25.01–29.99) 10 23.3 11 28.9 21 25.9
 Obese (≥30.00) 7 16.3 5 13.2 12 14.8
Weight gain (kg) 0.38 ± 5.20 −1.83 ± 6.10 0.104 −0.68 ± 5.72
Neck circumference (cm) 36.53 ± 3.00 35.74 ± 4.70 0.360 36.16 ± 3.89
Abdominal circumference (cm) 89.27 ± 12.80 86.30 ± 12.19 0.364 87.93 ± 12.52
Waist circumference (cm) 86.28 ± 13.60 85.58 ± 11.98 0.808 85.95 ± 12.79
Hip circumference (cm) 100.35 ± 13.80 100.05 ± 11.57 0.918 100.21 ± 12.73
Waist Hip Ratio 0.86 ± 0.08 0.85 ± 0.06 0.712 0.86 ± 0.07
Pulse (/min)
 Mean ± SD 74.29 ± 10.49 79.19 ± 16.57 0.086 76.46 ± 11.04
 Tachycardia 23 67.6 22 81.5 0.222 45 73.8
 Normal 11 32.4 5 18.5 16 26.2
Blood pressure (mm/hg)
 Systolic (Mean ± SD) 119.51 ± 14.21 121.61 ± 17.77 0.561 120.47 ± 15.86
 Diastolic (Mean ± SD) 75.49 ± 10.27 75.42 ± 16.57 0.981 75.46 ± 13.42
HBP
 Yes 6 14.0 8 22.2 0.338 14 17.7
 No 37 86.0 28 77.8 65 82.3
Neurological examination
 Normal 43 100 36 92.3 0.103 79 96.3
 Abnormal 0 0.0 3 7.7 3 3.7