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Table 4 Post-hoc analyses for differences among pattern of symptoms in HADS-D scores stratified by gender

From: Epidemiological differences in levels of depressive signs among nocturnal symptoms of insomnia; results from the HUNT study

Pairwise comparisonsWomenMen
Mean Difference95% CIp-valueMean Difference95% CIp-value
OnsetMaintenance0.571*[0.06 to 1.08]0.010.37[−0.49 to 1.23]1.00
Terminal−0.157[−0.84 to 0.52]1.00−0.05[− 1.07 to 0.97]1.00
Onset + Maintenance−0.693*[− 1.3 to − 0.08]0.01− 0.82[− 2.04 to 0.39]0.84
Maintenance + Terminal−0.27[− 0.9 to 0.36]1.00− 0.47[− 1.52 to 0.58]1.00
Onset + Terminal− 0.55[− 1.69 to 0.59]1.00− 3.60*a[− 5.99 to − 1.22]0.00
Onset + Maintenance + Terminal−1.28*[− 1.86 to − 0.71]0.00− 1.65*[− 2.81 to − 0.5]0.00
MaintenanceTerminal− 0.73*[− 1.35 to − 0.1]0.01−0.42[−1.32 to 0.49]1.00
Onset + Maintenance−1.26*[−1.81 to −0.72]0.00− 1.19*[− 2.31 to − 0.07]0.03
Maintenance + Terminal− 0.84*[−1.41 to − 0.27]0.00−0.84[− 1.78 to 0.1]0.13
Onset + Terminal− 1.12*[− 2.23 to − 0.01]0.04− 3.97*[− 6.31 to − 1.63]0.00
Onset + Maintenance + Terminal−1.85*[− 2.36 to − 1.35]0.00− 2.02*[− 3.08 to − 0.97]0.00
TerminalOnset + Maintenance− 0.54[−1.25 to 0.18]0.46− 0.77[− 2.02 to 0.47]1.00
Maintenance + Terminal− 0.11[− 0.85 to 0.62]1.00− 0.42[− 1.51 to 0.66]1.00
Onset + Terminal− 0.39[− 1.59 to 0.8]1.00−3.55*a[−5.95 to − 1.16]0.00
Onset + Maintenance + Terminal−1.13*[− 1.81 to − 0.44]0.00−1.60*[− 2.79 to − 0.42]0.00
Onset + MaintenanceMaintenance + Terminal0.42[−0.25 to 1.09]1.000.35[−0.92 to 1.62]1.00
Onset + Terminal0.14[−1.01 to 1.3]1.00−2.78*a[− 5.27 to −0.29]0.01
Onset + Maintenance + Terminal−0.59[− 1.2 to 0.02]0.07− 0.83[− 2.19 to 0.53]1.00
Maintenance + TerminalOnset + Terminal− 0.28[− 1.45 to 0.89]1.00− 3.13*a[− 5.54 to − 0.72]0.00
Onset + Maintenance + Terminal−1.01*[− 1.65 to − 0.38]0.00−1.18[− 2.39 to 0.03]0.07
Onset + TerminalOnset + Maintenance + Terminal− 0.73[−1.87 to 0.41]1.001.95[−0.51 to 4.41]0.34
  1. N.B.: Differences in mean values can be considered as effect measure for the pairwise comparisons (Baguley, 2009)
  2. *p-value <0.05
  3. astatistically different (p<0.05)