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Table 3 Factors associated with poor sleep quality among people living with HIV/AIDS at Zewditu Memorial Hospital (Bivariate and multivariate analysis) (n = 396), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Quality of sleep and associated factors among people living with HIV/AIDS on follow up at Ethiopian Zewditu memorial hospital, 2018

Variables Categories sleep quality COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
  Poor Good
Age     0.98 (0.96,1.00) 0.98 (0.95,1.01)
Sex Male 75 124 1.00 1.00
Female 145 52 4.61 (3.00,7.06) 3.40 (1.80, 6.41) **
Depression No 72 120 1.00 1.00
Yes 148 56 4.40 (2.88,6.73) 3.52 (1.95, 6.32)**
Anxiety No 153 134 1.00 1.00
Yes 67 42 1.39 (0.89,2.19) 0.92 (0.48,176)
Perceived stigma No 78 124 1.00 1.00
Yes 142 52 4.34 (2.83,6.64) 0.82 (0.39,1.76)
Social support Poor 128 36 7.11 (3.51,14.3) 2.48 (0.91,6.75)
Moderate 76 108 1.40 (0.72,2.74) 1.20 (0.50,2.88)
Strong 16 32 1.00 1.00
CD4 count > 200 cells/mm3 79 140 1.00 1.00
≤200 cells/mm3 141 36 6.94 (4.38,10.9) 3.18 (1.65,6.13) **
Duration HIV diagnosis > 10 years 115 157 1.00 1.00
≤10 years 105 19 7.54 (4.37,13.0) 3.43 (1.61,7.29) **
Co-morbid medical illness No 111 144 1.00 1.00
Yes 109 32 4.41 (2.77,7.03) 0.67 (0.28,1.62)
Current use of tobacco No 123 164 1.00 1.00
Yes 97 12 10.7 (5.66,20.5) 5.69 (2.04,15.9) **
Current use of alcohol No 84 129 1.00 1.00
Yes 136 47 4.44 (2.88,6.83) 0.94 (0.43,2.05)
Current use of chat or caffeinated drinks No 140 166 1.00 1.00
Yes 80 10 9.48 (4.73,19.0) 2.65 (1.06,6.64) *
Sleep hygiene Good 84 109 1.00 1.00
Poor 136 67 2.64 (1.75,3.96) 3.55 (1.85,6.78) **
  1. N.B. 1.00 references *p-value less than 0.05 **p-value less than 0.01