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Table 2 Clinical features contributing to the differential diagnosis of paroxysmal movements during sleep

From: Rhythmic movements in sleep disorders and in epileptic seizures during sleep

Clinical features contributing to the differential diagnosis of paroxysmal movements during sleep
 Myoclonic JerksStereotyped MovementsSensory SymptomsBehavioral Alterations
Normal Variants of Physiological Sleep Movements
 Sleep starts  
 HFT   
 ALMA   
Sleep Related Movement Disorders (SRMDs)
 Benign neonatal myoclonus  
 Bruxism   
 PLMS/PLMD   
 RLS  
 Leg cramps   
 SRRMD  
 PSM   
 DOA, Sexsomnia, SRED  
 REM sleep dyscontrol in type I Narcolepsy, RBD   
 Nocturnal Hypermotor Seizures in SHE 
  1. Abbreviations: HFT Hypnagogic Foot Tremor; ALMA Alternating Leg Movement Activity; PLMS Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep; PLMD Periodic Limb Movement Disorder; RLS Restless Legs Syndrome; SRRMD Sleep Related Rhythmic Movement Disorder; PSM Propriospinal Myoclonus; DOA Disorders of Arousal; SRED Sleep Related Eating Disorder; RBD REM-sleep Behavior Disorder; SHE Sleep-related Hypermotor Epilepsy